Fluid inclusion and isotope (O, H, C, Sr) constraints on the orogenic gold mineralization at the Enche Concha and Tunel prospects, Gurupi Belt, Brazil

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Reinaldo Melo Junior
Evandro Luiz Klein
Jean Michel Lafon
Chris Harris

Abstract

The gold mineralization at the Enche Concha and Tunel prospects, northwestern portion of the Gurupi Belt, is hosted in dacites and phyllites that belong to the ca. 2160 Ma-old metavolcano-sedimentary Chega Tudo Formation. These host rocks are variably deformed, from a spaced cleavage to schistose and mylonitic varieties. The hosting structures have previously been defined as produced in the Paleoproterozoic. The hydrothermal alteration processes include carbonatization, sericitization, sulfidation, and quartz veining. These processes are both pervasive and fissure-filling in style. Pyrite is largely predominant over chalcopyrite and sphalerite and gold occurs as a refractory phase in pyrite. Fluid inclusion, stable (O, H, C) and Sr isotopes studies indicate that the hydrothermal alteration and gold mineralization occurred between 260 and 370°C (mostly ~328°C), and 0.85 to 2.8 kbar, from a low-salinity (~5% NaCl), aqueous-carbonic (XCO2 = 0.03-0.13), relatively reduced (log fO2 = -32.1), and near neutral (pH = 5.0-6.2) metamorphic fluid (d18O = +9.4 to +11.3‰, dD = -25 to -28‰). Contributions from deep-seated (lower crust and mantle) sources are suggested by a d13CCO2 value of -7.6‰, and 87Sr/86Sr ratios between 0.702699 and 0.705141, which are lower than those found in the country rocks. Gold was transported by the Au(HS)2- complex and precipitation occurred in response to phase separation, identified by fluid inclusions, and fluid-rock interactions, given by the lowering of the d13CCO2 values. The geological and genetic characteristics are equivalent to those of the orogenic gold system previously defined for the Gurupi Belt.

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How to Cite
Junior, R. M., Klein, E. L., Lafon, J. M., & Harris, C. (2020). Fluid inclusion and isotope (O, H, C, Sr) constraints on the orogenic gold mineralization at the Enche Concha and Tunel prospects, Gurupi Belt, Brazil. Journal of the Geological Survey of Brazil, 3(2), 71-84. https://doi.org/10.29396/jgsb.2020.v3.n2.2
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Research Papers