Paleoproterozoic crustal evolution and Mesoproterozoic overprint in the Roosevelt-Guariba Transpressive Belt, Juruena Terrain, Southeastern Amazonas, Brazil
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The Juruena Terrain (Rondônia-Juruena Province) in the southeastern Amazonas State shows a NW-SE dextral shear zones system denominated Roosevelt-Guariba Transpressive Belt (RGTB). The RGTB was generated in response to intracontinental crustal reworking, juxtaposing Paleoproterozoic Juruena granitic-gneiss and chronocorrelated supracrustal associations. This granitic-gneiss basement shows high-K calc-alkaline (Teodósia Suite) to transitional I- to A-type (Igarapé das Lontras Suite) signatures, produced in a continental magmatic arc setting around 1760-1740 Ma (zircon, titanite; U-Pb SHRIMP, LA-ICP-MS). New geochronological data about of the deformation and metamorphic rocks in the RGTB were obtained from migmatite paragneisses, amphibolites, S-type leucogranite (Quatro Cachoeiras Complex and Itamaraty Suite; zircon U-Pb SHRIMP) and protomylonites and mylonites (Igarapé das Lontras and Teodosia protholiths; amphibole-muscovite-sericite Ar-Ar step heating). The results suggest that Southeastern Amazonas (northern Juruena Terrain) was metamorphised/deformed during 1530-1460 Ma under temperatures of 900 oC (zircon) to 580oC (hornblende) and 420oC (muscovite). The geochronological data show that the granite-gneiss basement (continental magmatic arc) and supracrustal rocks (foreland basin) were reworked by a regional event with age interval of 1530 Ma (high grade and anatexis) to 1460 Ma (medium grade). Finally, the Juruena Terrain is affected by a younger low-T event (1300 Ma, muscovite Ar-Ar step heating) with wide NE-trending structures (e.g. Buiuçu Shear Zone). This 1.3 Ga event suggests a continental reactivation caused by the pericratonic deformation related to Candeias/Sunsás Orogeny during the Columbia Supercontinent break-up, before of the Rodinia Supercontinent assembly. In summary, the Juruena Terrain in the southeast Amazonas shows a complex metamorphic and structural intracontinental evolution, involving polycyclic events since late Orosirian to Ectasian in a convergent tectonic setting. Therefore, the Juruena Terrain shows similar accretionary histories with others orogens and has apparent long-lived connections with Laurentia (Yavapai Province) and Baltica (Transscandinavian Igneous Belt), forming the core of the Columbia Supercontinent.
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