Main Article Content
Gold was abundant in the city of Cuiabá and was the starting point for is emergence and development. Bandeirantes (explorers/fortune hunters during the colonial period), mostly coming from São Paulo, made their expeditions into inland Brazil firstly to capture and enslave natives and, in this process, discovered important alluvial deposits associated with the rivers in the region. Today, this precious metal is still present and being prospected in the Baixada Cuiabana region, and is found preserved (impregnated and visible) in the plaster of the walls of the Church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário e São Benedito, for example. Many buildings in the central areas were built and adorned with ex situ geological material such as ironstone and blocks of milky quartz, and some of these buildings are identified in this work as an example of the use of geodiversity as a constructive and historical element. Ironstone is described as a solid, reddish sedimentary rock resulting from a chemical alteration process (lateritization), and the quartz blocks come from gold veins that cut the rocks of the Cuiabá Group, in the Baixada Cuiabana region. In addition to these materials that are present in some locations and represent geodiversity elements, an in situ example of geodiversity is described. It is an exposed geological fault that stands out in the landscape, located in an aligned hill where historic constructions were built. Because it is of unique geoscientific interest and preserved within the central urban boundary of the city of Cuiabá, this place can be considered the first geosite, which is described in the present work.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The papers are published in the open access format, being freely available to any user, under a CC-BY Creative Commons license.
By submitting this manuscript for evaluation, the authors are aware of the CC-BY Creative Commons license. In the case of manuscript approval, the author responsible for the manuscript (corresponding author), hereinafter referred to as CEDENTE (ASSIGNOR), hereby assigns and transfers to CPRM-Serviço Geológico do Brasil, holder of the JGSB, free of charge, on his behalf and on behalf from all co-authors, the right of the first publication. This includes the rights of editing, publication, translation into another language and reproduction by any process, worldwide, today and in the future.
After the first publication by the JGSB, authors hold the copyright without restrictions and are allowed to disclose and distribute their work through personal website pages and institutional repositories.
At the same time, the ASSIGNOR declares that the content of the manuscript is of sole responsibility of the authors and that this content does not infringe the copyrights and/or other property rights of third parties, that is, that any contents of the manuscript and its attachments, if taken from other publications, are duly referenced and, when necessary, the permissions for publications of such contents were requested by the authors from the copyright holders; that the disclosure of images (if any) has been authorized and that it assumes full moral and/or patrimonial responsibility, due to its content, before third parties.