Zircon U-Pb SHRIMP ages of the Demêni-Mocidade Domain, Roraima, southern Guiana Shield, Brazil: extension of the Uatumã Silicic Large Igneous Province

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Nelson Reis
Umberto Cordani
Luis Emanoel Alexandre Goulart
Marcelo Esteves Almeida
Vanessa Oliveira
Victor Câmara Maurer
Ingo Wahnfried

Abstract

The Demêni-Mocidade domain (DMD) comprises a large area of granitoid rocks, located on the border between the states of Roraima and Amazonas, Brazil, within the inner part of the Ventuari-Tapajós Province of the Amazonian Craton, where large amounts of granitoid rocks, formed between 2.0-1.8 Ga, are predominant. This study examines six granite samples collected from the Mocidade and Demêni mountains, which are related in time to the Uatumã Silicic Large Igneous Province (SLIP), which, in turn, covers several tectonostratigraphic domains whose evolution is associated with an intercontinental setting, allowing a common association with I- and A-type granitoid rocks formed within the same 1.88 to 1.87 Ga time interval. These rocks are monzogranites and correspond petrographically to holocrystalline anisotropic lithotypes with fine to medium grain sizes. Their textural relationships, including some lithotypes containing phenocrysts with oscillatory zoning and resorbed rims, indicate
that crystallization occurred at subvolcanic or hypabyssal depths. Moreover, the association between plutonic and subvolcanic rocks in the same suite shows variations in the crustal development of the magmatic chambers. The granitoids of the DMD share a common geochemical signature with those of the Água Branca Suite, which occurs within the Uatumã and Trombetas-Erepecuru domains of the Guiana Shield, suggesting that their crystallization occurred in similar magmatic chambers. Six U-Pb zircon ages show that most zircon crystals are concordant and the few ones which are discordant are well aligned along Discordia straight lines descending to zero. The calculated Concordia ages, covering the 1884 to 1877 Ma interval, agree within experimental error, indicating a probably similar crystallization
age. Such apparent age values, close to 1900 Ma for the DMD, made it possible for the domain of the Uatumã SLIP to spread to the West, and the area of the Ventuari-Tapajós Province could extend towards the Amazonas State of Venezuela. Finally, the coexistence between I- and A-type granitoids in the DMD, with ages within the range 1.88-1.87 Ga, stimulates a discussion, and there are three possibilities: (1) The calc-alkaline magmatism can be associated with late (post-collisional) processes related to subduction. (2) The granitoid rocks are formed in an intracontinental setting under more stable (post-orogenic) tectonic conditions. (3) The granitoid rocks are predominantly formed by A-type and alkaline magmatism in intraplate settings.

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How to Cite
Reis, Nelson, Umberto Cordani, Luis Emanoel Alexandre Goulart, Marcelo Esteves Almeida, Vanessa Oliveira, Victor Câmara Maurer, and Ingo Wahnfried. 2021. “Zircon U-Pb SHRIMP Ages of the Demêni-Mocidade Domain, Roraima, Southern Guiana Shield, Brazil: Extension of the Uatumã Silicic Large Igneous Province”. Journal of the Geological Survey of Brazil 4 (1). https://doi.org/10.29396/jgsb.2021.v4.n1.4.
Section
Research Papers